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Brain Tumors

brain tumor treatment

brain tumor is a collection, or mass, of abnormal cells in the brain. The cell grows into a tumor when a cell divides rapidly and its internal mechanism is damaged. A brain tumor can be primary or secondary depending upon its place of origin. A primary brain tumor begins in the brain while a secondary tumor starts elsewhere in the body and sends cancerous cells to the brain, causing secondary or metastatic brain tumor. Brain tumors can be either malignant (with cancer cells) or benign (without cancer cells).

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Cause of Brain Tumor

The exact cause of brain tumors is not clear and scientists are regularly trying to find the causative factor of brain tumor.

Common Types Primary Brain Tumor:

  • Meningioma

  • Glioma

    • Astrocytoma

    • Glioblastoma

    • Oligodendroma

    • Ependymoma

    • Schwanoma

    • Neurofibroma

  • Medulloblastoma

  • Neuroblastoma

  • Teratoma

  • Angioma

  • Angiosarcoma

  • Pituitary Gland Tumor

  • Pineal Gland Tumor

Symptoms of Brain Tumor

brain tumor treatment

Although the symptoms of brain tumor vary according to its location but most of the patients complain of some or all of the following symptoms:

  • Headaches that may get severe in the morning.

  • Convulsions and seizures

  • Dizziness or loss of balance

  • Vomiting or nausea

  • Difficulty in speaking and thinking

  • Vision changes

  • Hearing changes

  • Disorientation and confusion

  • Personality changes

  • Paralysis or weakness in one part or one side of the body

Diagnosis of Brain Tumor

brain tumor treatment

In addition to physical and neurological examination of the patient, following diagnostic tests can find out brain tumors:

  • CT Scan

  • MRI

  • Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy

  • Positron Emission Tomography (PET Scan)

  • Intraoperative MRI

  • Histopathological examination


Authored By Dr. Manish Vaish

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