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1. What is neurosurgery?

Neurosurgery is a specialist branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the entire nervous system including brain, spinal cord, skull and the spine (bony vertebral column).

2. Do Neuro surgeons operate on brain?

Of course, Neurosurgeons do operate on the brain, but they also provide surgical and nonsurgical care to the patients with spine and peripheral nerve problems.

3. Is surgery always a part of treatment if a patient is referred to Neurosurgeon?

This is not necessary. A patient is referred to a Neurosurgeon for adequate evaluation of his disease or disorder. The need for surgery is a complex decision that will be handled by a team of neurosurgeons depending upon the patient condition.

4. What is the difference between a neurologist and a neurosurgeon?

A neurologist identifies neurological disorders through diagnostic testing and only uses medical means to treat them while a neurosurgeon offers surgical solution to neurologic disorders.

5. What is the need to choose a neurosurgeon for brain or spine surgery?

Neurosurgeons can best perform brain and spine surgeries as compared to general surgeons. They are exclusively trained to perform procedures on the entire spine, including the spinal cord and the inside lining of the spinal canal. As spine encases the spinal cord and nerves, it is best to take extra measure of safety and choose a neurosurgeon for their highest level of expertise in spine disorder treatment.

6. What does minimally invasive surgery mean?

Minimally invasive surgery is a revolutionary technique that is used to treat various brain and spine disorders. Minimally invasive means the least possible invasion and minimal disruption of the target area. Patients experience minimal scarring due to very small incision, less trauma and pain, faster recovery, shorter hospital stays and early return to pre-surgery activity levels as compared to more traditional surgical techniques.

7. What are the risks associated with brain or spine surgery?

As every surgical procedure is associated with some forms of risks, there are few associated with brain and spine surgery too. The risks include the following:

  • Paralysis

  • Weakness

  • Numbness

  • Bleeding

  • Spinal fluid leakage

  • Wound healing problems

  • Infection

  • Complications due to other co-existing illnesses such as: diabetes, hypertension etc.

  • Persistent pain

  • Surgical failure etc.

8. How can I avoid the risks and complications of brain & spine surgery?

Surgery performed by a well-trained, dedicated, board certified neurosurgeon reduces the chances of risks & complications. So always choose the best surgeon and discuss all the possibilities of risk with your surgeon.

9. How quickly can I expect to recover from surgery?

Recovery after any surgery is very individual and majorly depends upon the patient’s positive attitude and motivation. Other than this, it also depends on the kind of procedure performed as some procedures may take months or years while the simpler procedures may take only weeks. Especially the minimal invasive procedures allow quick recovery within four to six weeks.

10. How much pain will I have during & after surgery?

Pain is generally not felt during the surgery as patient is given local or general anaesthesia. But after the surgery, patient may feel pain and its severity depends upon the type of surgery, the occurrence of complications and a host of other factors. But most of the pains can be managed with medications and generally taper down as the patient heals from surgery.


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