Pain Relief Surgery

Pain Relief

Surgery is often considered as a last option to get immediate relief from pain. There are a variety of pain relieving surgeries that may give temporary or permanent relief to the patient. They include:

  • Cordotomy: It is the most common method of treatment of pain. It separates the spinal cord nerve fibers from travelling towards the brain. It may be done through a laminectomy or percutaneously. The fibers may be on one or both side of spinal cord. The sense of pain and temperature are affected by cordotomy.

  • Mesencephalotomy: This method involves using any structure in the midbrain, especially spinothalamic tract or Quinto-thalamic tract to relief pain. It is a useful method for treating unbearable pain. It is also helpful in reducing harmful head and neck pain.

  • Sympathectomy: The sympathectomy is a useful method for reducing long-term pain. In this procedure, the nerves in the sympathetic nervous system are surgically removed. This increases the flow of blood and reduces pressure. This technique is also useful in treating the heavy sweat produced in the palms or underarms or face.

  • Myelotomy: The surgical process which involves the separation of midline transverse fibers of the spinal cord is known as myelotomy. This reduces the pressure in the spinal cord. Hence the unbearable pain is almost reduced. 

  • Cingulotomy: It is a useful method to reduce pain in severe psychiatric patients. The nerve fibers related to emotions and motivations are destroyed. The surgery reduces or eliminates the suffering of the patient. It does not affect the mental abilities of the patient.