The endoscope assisted neurovascular surgery is relatively newer procedure that is performed using an endoscope with or without aid of Microscope and other small surgical instruments to treat various neurovascular disorders like
- Trigeminal Neuralgia
- Intraventricular lesion like Colloid cyst
- Tumours like Neurocytoma, Choroid plexus papilloma
These instruments need minimal invasion area and are highly specialised to avoid any infection. This technique can limit the symptoms of the disease and reduce pressure of the diseased area. With reduced pressure, the pain in the affected part is also lowered.
The minimally invasive surgical procedure is performed under light anaesthesia. A small hole is created in a vessel in the groin, arm or neck for insertion of a small metal tube or catheter. This metal, Sialistic or plastic tube guides the endoscope and other surgical instruments into the affected part. Endoscope is attached with a small camera on the lower end that captures the image of the diseased part. This gives a clear visualization of the surgery site and its surrounding structure to the surgeon so that he can perform precise surgical intervention according to the disorder. X-rays or advanced image-guidance technology may also be used to aid the precision in surgery. In the end, the incision is dressed using a small dressing.
Patient is kept under observation in the hospital. A few months follow-up is often recommended to analyse if any of the symptoms persists. In addition to this, proper rest and rehabilitation programs are also recommended to the patient that helps to bring back the normal functionality of the body.
Advantages of Minimally Invasive Neurovascular Surgery
- Minimal invasion
- Minimal blood loss
- Prevents injury to surrounding structures
- Less scar formation
- Less hospitalization required
- Fast recovery
- Early rehabilitation
- Early return to normal day to day and work related activities