Endoscopy has conquered almost all kinds of surgery. An endoscope is a very tiny fiber-optic video camera. It can be inserted into the inner portions of the body and connected to a wide screen outside. It will help to visualize the internal organs better. There are various kinds of treatments done using endoscope. It is also used to treat spinal issues and conditions. Endoscopic spinal surgeries can be considered as an alternative to the traditional open-back surgeries.
Endoscopic procedures are done under a local anesthesia or general anesthesia depending upon site of surgery. for example, a Carpal tunnel syndrome is treated under local anesthesia while a Spine surgery is performed under General Anesthesia The surgery requires an incision to be made. Through the incision, the surgeon is able to access the spine through a port, which caries a endoscope and working channel. The camera can display very detailed image of the inner portion of the concerned area. This helps the surgeon to have a safe surgery with only minor complications.
Endoscopic spine surgery has many benefits like:
- Shorter recovery time
- Less scarring
- Less pain
- Less blood loss
- Less collateral damage to the neighbouring soft tissue and bone
The procedure do not require a hospital stay in most cases. Certain cases may become risky and may require close observation. A number of issues that affect the spine and brain can be treated with endoscopic surgery. Issues that can be treated with endoscopic surgeries are:
- Herniated or bulging disc
- Spinal stenosis
- Foraminal stenosis
- Bone spurs
- Pinched nerves etc.
Less risks and more advantages have made Micro-endoscopic surgery as a gold standard procedure in field of spine surgery.